FAQ

Pest Control Prevention Tips

  • Remove sources of food, water and shelter.

  • Store food in sealed plastic or glass containers. Garbage containing food scraps should be placed in tightly covered trash cans. Remove garbage regularly from your home.

  • Fix leaky plumbing and don't let water accumulate anywhere in the home. Don't let water collect in trays under your house plants or refrigerator. Don't leave pet food and water out overnight.

  • Clutter provides places for pests to breed and hide and makes it hard to get rid of them. Get rid of things like stacks of newspapers, magazines, or cardboard.

  • Close off places where pests can enter and hide. For example, caulk cracks and crevices around cabinets or baseboards. Use steel wool to fill spaces around pipes. Cover any holes with wire mesh.

  • Learn about the pests you have and options to control them.

  • Check for pests in packages or boxes before carrying them into your home.

Frequently asked questions

About the Hanta Virus


About the Hanta Virus

The disease is known as Hanta Virus-Related Acute Respiratory Disease Syndrome (Hanta Virus Pulmonary Syndrome). There has been an impressive accumulation of knowledge about this illness in a short time, however, many unanswered questions still remain.

What we know

  • The risk is specifically to those individuals who come in contact with infected rodents.
  • The risk of infection is slight but it is a real risk.
  • 50% of people infected with the Hanta Virus have died.

Risk

  • Hanta Virus has been identified as a health risk to the general population in Canada, USA, and South America.
  • The risk is specifically Associate with contact with the deer mouse but this does not rule out other rodents such us: chipmunks, ground squirrel, mice, rats, bats, pigeons etc.
  • High-risk environments will be will be encountered when disturbing nesting material, burrows, droppings, and surroundings soil etc.
  • The risk is higher in enclosed environments.

Symptoms

Only non-specific symptoms are present before respiratory distress occurs. An infected individual has non-specific flu-like symptoms such as:

  • fever
  • muscle pain and ache
  • a cough
  • a headache
  • nausea, vomiting

The presence of the above symptoms is not specific for Hanta Virus and can be caused by many ailments. The only specific symptom of Hanta Virus disease is very serious and is characterized by sudden onset of difficulty in breathing that rapidly worsens. Individuals Experiencing pneumonia-like symptoms should seek immediate medical attention and inform caregivers of rodent exposure.

  • We use the most advanced knowledge technology in the industry IPM




What is IPM?


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

The IPM approach can be applied to both agricultural and non-agricultural settings, such as the home, garden, and workplace. IPM takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides. In contrast, organic food production applies many of the same concepts as IPM but limits the use of pesticides to those that are produced from natural sources, as opposed to synthetic chemicals.




How do IPM programs work?


IPM is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and controls. In practicing IPM, growers who are aware of the potential for pest infestation follow a four-tiered approach. The four steps include:

  • Set Action Thresholds
  • Before taking any pest control action, IPM first sets an action threshold, a point at which pest populations or environmental conditions indicate that pest control action must be taken. Sighting a single pest does not always mean control is needed. The level at which pests will either become an economic threat is critical to guide future pest control decisions.
  • Monitor and Identify Pests
    Not all insects, weeds, and other living organisms require control. Many organisms are innocuous, and some are even beneficial. IPM programs work to monitor for pests and identify them accurately, so that appropriate control decisions can be made in conjunction with action thresholds. This monitoring and identification removes the possibility that pesticides will be used when they are not really needed or that the wrong kind of pesticide will be used.
  • Prevention
    As a first line of pest control, IPM programs work to manage the crop, lawn, or indoor space to prevent pests from becoming a threat. In an agricultural crop, this may mean using cultural methods, such as rotating between different crops, selecting pest-resistant varieties, and planting pest-free rootstock. These control methods can be very effective and cost-efficient and present little to no risk to people or the environment.
  • Control
    Once monitoring, identification, and action thresholds indicate that pest control is required, and preventive methods are no longer effective or available, IPM programs then evaluate the proper control method both for effectiveness and risk. Effective, less risky pest controls are chosen first, including highly targeted chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical control, such as trapping or weeding. If further monitoring, identifications and action thresholds indicate that less risky controls are not working, then additional pest control methods would be employed, such as targeted spraying of pesticides. Broadcast spraying of non-specific pesticides is a last resort.




Do most growers use IPM?


With these steps, IPM is best described as a continuum. Many, if not most, agricultural growers identify their pests before spraying. A smaller subset of growers use less risky pesticides such as pheromones. All of these growers are on the IPM continuum. The goal is to move growers further along the continuum to using all appropriate IPM techniques.




How do you know if the food you buy is grown using IPM?


In most cases, food grown using IPM practices is not identified in the marketplace like organic food. There is no national certification for growers using IPM, as the United States Department of Agriculture has developed for organic foods. Since IPM is a complex pest control process, not merely a series of practices, it is impossible to use one IPM definition for all foods and all areas of the country. Many individual commodity growers, for such crop as potatoes and strawberries, are working to define what IPM means for their crop and region, and IPM-labeled foods are available in limited areas. With definitions, growers could begin to market more of their products as IPM-Grown, giving consumers another choice in their food purchases.




If I grow my own fruits and vegetables, can I practice IPM in my garden?


Yes, the same principles used by large farms can be applied to your own garden by following the four-tiered approach outlined above. For more specific information on practicing IPM in your garden, you can contact your state Extension Services for the services of a Master Gardener.





Frequently asked questions

About the Hanta Virus


About the Hanta Virus

The disease is known as Hanta Virus-Related Acute Respiratory Disease Syndrome (Hanta Virus Pulmonary Syndrome). There has been an impressive accumulation of knowledge about this illness in a short time, however, many unanswered questions still remain.

What we know

  • The risk is specifically to those individuals who come in contact with infected rodents.
  • The risk of infection is slight but it is a real risk.
  • 50% of people infected with the Hanta Virus have died.

Risk

  • Hanta Virus has been identified as a health risk to the general population in Canada, USA, and South America.
  • The risk is specifically Associate with contact with the deer mouse but this does not rule out other rodents such us: chipmunks, ground squirrel, mice, rats, bats, pigeons etc.
  • High-risk environments will be will be encountered when disturbing nesting material, burrows, droppings, and surroundings soil etc.
  • The risk is higher in enclosed environments.

Symptoms

Only non-specific symptoms are present before respiratory distress occurs. An infected individual has non-specific flu-like symptoms such as:

  • fever
  • muscle pain and ache
  • a cough
  • a headache
  • nausea, vomiting

The presence of the above symptoms is not specific for Hanta Virus and can be caused by many ailments. The only specific symptom of Hanta Virus disease is very serious and is characterized by sudden onset of difficulty in breathing that rapidly worsens. Individuals Experiencing pneumonia-like symptoms should seek immediate medical attention and inform caregivers of rodent exposure.

  • We use the most advanced knowledge technology in the industry IPM




What is IPM?


Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

The IPM approach can be applied to both agricultural and non-agricultural settings, such as the home, garden, and workplace. IPM takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides. In contrast, organic food production applies many of the same concepts as IPM but limits the use of pesticides to those that are produced from natural sources, as opposed to synthetic chemicals.




How do IPM programs work?


IPM is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and controls. In practicing IPM, growers who are aware of the potential for pest infestation follow a four-tiered approach. The four steps include:

  • Set Action Thresholds
  • Before taking any pest control action, IPM first sets an action threshold, a point at which pest populations or environmental conditions indicate that pest control action must be taken. Sighting a single pest does not always mean control is needed. The level at which pests will either become an economic threat is critical to guide future pest control decisions.
  • Monitor and Identify Pests
    Not all insects, weeds, and other living organisms require control. Many organisms are innocuous, and some are even beneficial. IPM programs work to monitor for pests and identify them accurately, so that appropriate control decisions can be made in conjunction with action thresholds. This monitoring and identification removes the possibility that pesticides will be used when they are not really needed or that the wrong kind of pesticide will be used.
  • Prevention
    As a first line of pest control, IPM programs work to manage the crop, lawn, or indoor space to prevent pests from becoming a threat. In an agricultural crop, this may mean using cultural methods, such as rotating between different crops, selecting pest-resistant varieties, and planting pest-free rootstock. These control methods can be very effective and cost-efficient and present little to no risk to people or the environment.
  • Control
    Once monitoring, identification, and action thresholds indicate that pest control is required, and preventive methods are no longer effective or available, IPM programs then evaluate the proper control method both for effectiveness and risk. Effective, less risky pest controls are chosen first, including highly targeted chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical control, such as trapping or weeding. If further monitoring, identifications and action thresholds indicate that less risky controls are not working, then additional pest control methods would be employed, such as targeted spraying of pesticides. Broadcast spraying of non-specific pesticides is a last resort.




Do most growers use IPM?


With these steps, IPM is best described as a continuum. Many, if not most, agricultural growers identify their pests before spraying. A smaller subset of growers use less risky pesticides such as pheromones. All of these growers are on the IPM continuum. The goal is to move growers further along the continuum to using all appropriate IPM techniques.




How do you know if the food you buy is grown using IPM?


In most cases, food grown using IPM practices is not identified in the marketplace like organic food. There is no national certification for growers using IPM, as the United States Department of Agriculture has developed for organic foods. Since IPM is a complex pest control process, not merely a series of practices, it is impossible to use one IPM definition for all foods and all areas of the country. Many individual commodity growers, for such crop as potatoes and strawberries, are working to define what IPM means for their crop and region, and IPM-labeled foods are available in limited areas. With definitions, growers could begin to market more of their products as IPM-Grown, giving consumers another choice in their food purchases.




If I grow my own fruits and vegetables, can I practice IPM in my garden?


Yes, the same principles used by large farms can be applied to your own garden by following the four-tiered approach outlined above. For more specific information on practicing IPM in your garden, you can contact your state Extension Services for the services of a Master Gardener.